Georgia

  • Homeschool statute: Parents must have a high school diploma or GED, provide annual notice to the Georgia Department of Education, provide a 180 days of instruction in a variety of required subjects, write annual progress reports for each child, and have each child tested every three years beginning in third grade. Neither the progress reports nor the standardized test scores are turned in to either state or local education officials.

Homeschool Statute

Georgia law refers to homeschools as “home study programs.” See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c).

Notification: Parents must submit an electronic notice of intent to the Department of Education within 30 days after establishing a home study program, and by September 1 of each year annually thereafter. The notice of intent must include the names and ages of the students enrolled, the address where the home study program is located, and a statement of what 12 month period is to be considered the school year. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(1, 2).
Qualifications: Parents may teach only their own children in a home study program, and must have a high school diploma or GED. Parents may also hire a tutor to teach their children; in this case, the tutor must have a high school diploma or GED. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(3).
Days or hours: During each 12 month period, home study programs must provide instruction “equivalent to” 180 days of education with each school day consisting of 4.5 hours of instruction. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(5).
Subjects: Home study programs must offer “a basic academic educational program” that includes, but is not limited to, reading, language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(4).
Bookkeeping: Parents must compose annual progress assessment reports for each child. These reports should include an individualized assessment of the student’s academic progress in each required subject area. These progress reports must be retained by the parent in the home study program for at least three years. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(8).
Assessment: Students in home study programs must take “appropriate” nationally standardized tests at least every three years beginning with the end of third grade. These tests must be administered “in consultation with a person trained in the administration and interpretation of norm reference tests.” “Records of such tests and scores shall be retained but shall not be required to be submitted to public educational authorities.” See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(7).
Intervention: Parents are not required to submit either annual progress assessments or the results of the required standardized testing. However, homeschooling parents who are not meeting the requirements of the homeschool statute may be reported to their local school districts, and failure to comply with the requirements of the homeschool statute is a misdemeanor. See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(d). Failure to educate is not included in the state’s definition of neglect, meaning that educational neglect cannot be reported to the state’s social services.
Other: (1) “Enrollment records and reports shall not be used for any purpose except providing necessary enrollment information, except with the permission of the parent or guardian of a child, or pursuant to the subpoena of a court of competent jurisdiction.” See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(2)(2) “The parent or guardian shall have the authority to execute any document required by law, rule, regulation, or policy to evidence the enrollment of a child in a home study program, the student’s full-time or part-time status, the student’s grades, or any other required educational information.” See Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(6)(3) The Attorney General ruled that the local superintendent may request but may not require evidence of compliance with the law. See 1986 Op. Att’y. Gen. No. U86-19.

Services Available to Homeschooled Students

Part-time enrollment: State law neither prohibits nor requires public schools to allow either homeschool or umbrella school students to enroll for individual classes, leaving the matter up to the local school district.
Extracurriculars: The Georgia High School Association (GHSA) requires student athletes to be enrolled in the public school for which they compete, thus barring homeschoolers from participation.
Special needs: Homeschooled students are eligible for special needs testing in their local public schools, and may also have access to special needs services offered through these schools. This is because Georgia law considers homeschooled students private school students for the purposes of federal IDEA funding. 
Other: n/a

Background:

Early homeschoolers were required to go to the local school district and obtain permission to operate as a private school. Throughout the early 1980s, the state superintendent sought unsuccessfully to define “private school” so as to exclude homeschool. In 1985, the legislature passed the state’s homeschool statute, which was one of the least restrictive in the country. Over a decade later, in 1997, Georgia homeschoolers rebuffed a state lawmaker’s attempt to increase oversight of homeschooling. Finally, in 2013, the legislature made several small changes to the state’s homeschooling law, requiring parents to report to the state superintendent instead of the local board of education and decreasing the amount of reporting required.

For more, see A History of Homeschooling in Georgia.

Resources:

Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)

Home Schools, Georgia Department of Education

Home School Frequently Asked Questions, Georgia Department of Education

Georgia, International Center for Home Education Research

This overview is for informational purposes only and does not constitute the giving of legal advice.

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