Kansas

  • Private school: Parents may operate a homeschool as a private school. Parents must register once with the state Board of Education, and must provide instruction for a period of time “substantially equivalent” to that of public schools. Parents must be “competent,” but state officials have no authority to determine a parent’s competency. There are no subject, bookkeeping or assessment requirements.
  • Umbrella school: Parents may operate a homeschools as a satellite of an existing public schools by enrolling their children in a private school rather than registering with the state. Instruction must be provided for a period of time “substantially equivalent” to that of public schools, but all other requirements are set by the private school.

(1) Private School

Parents may operate a homeschool as a non-accredited private school. See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2).

Notification: Parents must register the name and address of their homeschool with the State Board of Education. Annual notice is not required. See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-53,101.
Qualifications: The teacher must be “competent.” However, the local school board has no authority to determine a parent’s competency. See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2) and Kan. Attorney General Opinion 75-409.
Days or hours: Instruction must be provided “for a period of time which is substantially equivalent to the period of time public school is maintained,” or 186 days of not less than 6 hours per day. See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2).
Subjects: None. However, instruction must be planned and scheduled and periodic testing must occur. See In re Sawyer 672 P.2d 1093 (1983) and Kansas Attorney General Opinion No. 85-159 (1985).
Bookkeeping: None.
Assessment: None.
Intervention: None.
Other: n/a

(2) Umbrella School

Parents may operate a homeschool as a satellite of an accredited private school. See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2).

Notification: None.
Qualifications: The teacher must be “competent.” See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2). However, the local school board has no authority to determine a parent’s competency. See Kan. Op. Att’y. Gen. 75-409.
Days or hours: Instruction must be provided “for a period of time which is substantially equivalent to the period of time public school is maintained.” See Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2).
Subjects: If enrolling in an unaccredited private school, there are no state requirements. However, accredited private schools are required to provide instruction in reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, spelling, English grammar and composition, civil government, U.S. and Kansas history, patriotism and duties of a citizen, health and hygiene, and (for high school only) U.S. government and the U.S. Constitution.
Bookkeeping: No state requirements.
Assessment: No state requirements.
Intervention: No state requirements.
Other: n/a

Services Available to Homeschooled Students

Part-time enrollment: Whether or not to allow homeschooled students to enroll in individual public school classes is up to the school district.
Athletics: The Kansas State High School Activities Association (KSHSAA) requires student athletes to be “bona fide” students at the school they represent. See KHSHAA Handbook.
Special needs: Homeschooled students have access to special needs testing in their local public schools, and may also have access to special needs services offered through these schools.
Other: n/a

Background:

In the early 1980s, the Sawyer family organized began to educate their children at home, registering their homeschool as a private school with the state.  In In re Sawyer, 672 P.2d 1093 (Kan. 1983), the court found that the Sawyer’s homeschool did not qualify as a homeschool because the instruction was unplanned and unscheduled. IIn re Jost, No. 84-JC-88 (Marion County Dist. Ct. 1985) the courts found that Kim and Constance Jost’s homeschool counted as a legitimate private school. In In re Willms, No. 87-JC-350 (Shawnee County Dist. Ct., Feb. 12, 1988) the courts found that the Willms family, which operated a their homeschool as a “satellite” of an existing private school, was within the law. 

Resources:

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1111(a)(2)

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-53,101

Non-Accredited Private Schools (Homeschooling), Kansas State Department of Education

Homeschooling in Kansas Fact Sheet, Kansas State Department of Education

PS 08005.019 Kansas, Social Security Administration

Kansas, International Center for Home Education Research

This overview is for informational purposes only and does not constitute the giving of legal advice.

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