- Private school: Parents may operate homeschools as private schools. Parents must provide an annual notice of enrollment to the local board of education, keep attendance, and provide 185 days of instruction in the same branches of study as are required in public schools. There are no parent qualification or assessment requirements.
Homeschools operate under the law for private, parochial, or church schools. See Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §159.030(1)(b), §159.040, and §159.080.
|Notification:||Parents must notify the local board of education of the number of pupils by letter during the first two weeks of school annually.|
|Days or hours:||Parents must offer a term not shorter than that of the local public schools. This means 1062 instructional hours in no less than 170 student attendance days.|
|Subjects:||Parents must provide instruction in English and must cover the same branches of study as required in the public schools (reading, writing, spelling, grammar, history, mathematics, and civics).|
|Bookkeeping:||Private, parochial, and church schools are required to keep attendance records and scholarship reports (i.e. records and grades).|
|Intervention:||If parents do not notify their local boards of education during the first two weeks of school as required, they may be investigated for truancy.|
Services Available to Homeschooled Students
|Part-time enrollment:||Whether or not to allow homeschooled students to enroll in individual public school classes is up to the school district.|
|Extracurriculars:||The Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) requires student athletes to be “full time” students at the school they represent, and to not be enrolled in any other school (under Kentucky law, homeschools are considered individual private schools). See KHSAA Handbook.|
|Special needs:||Homeschooled students have access to special needs testing in their local public schools, and may also have access to special needs services offered through these schools.|
In 1979, in Ky. State Bd. for Elementary & Secondary Educ. v. Rudasill, the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the Kentucky Department of Education could not require private schools to comply with state textbook approval, teacher certification, and school accreditation requirements. The court held that the legislature could monitor the work of private schools through a standardized achievement testing program, but the legislature has never created such a program. While this case involved Christian schools rather than homeschools, it undergirds the legality of homeschooling to this day.
This overview is for informational purposes only and does not constitute the giving of legal advice.